Electric dipole effect in PdCoO₂/β-Ga₂O₃ Schottky diodes for high-temperature operation 


Publication Details

T. Harada, S. Ito, and A. Tsukazaki

Journal:Science Advances


Online publication date:October 18, 2019

Press release online (in Japanese):464KB

Fig. 1 Schottky junctions based on a layered PdCoO2 and β-Ga2O3 for high-temperature operation.

(A) Energy band diagram of a metal-semiconductor interface with a Schottky barrier of ϕb. ϕm, work function of metal; χs, electron affinity of semiconductor; Evac, vacuum level; EF, Fermi energy; EC, conduction band minimum; V, bias voltage. The electron is depicted as a red circle. (B) Typical current-voltage characteristic of Schottky junction showing the current rectification behavior under forward (on-state) or reverse (off-state) bias voltage. The saturation current density Js is noted in red. (C) Temperature dependence of the saturation current density Js with Schottky barrier heights of 1.0 eV (blue), 1.4 eV (green), and 1.8 eV (red) calculated by the thermionic emission model using the Richardson constant of β-Ga2O3A** = 41.1 A/cm2 (24). (D) Schematic image for the characterization of the PdCoO2/−β-Ga2O3 Schottky junction. (E) HAADF-STEM image of the PdCoO2/β-Ga2O3 interface. The crystal orientation is represented by arrows. (F) Enlarged image of the HAADF-STEM image of the PdCoO2/β-Ga2O3 interface. The anisotropic Ψd-s orbital proposed for the conduction band of PdCoO2 is schematically shown (20). Right: Corresponding crystal model. The alternating Pd+ and [CoO2] charged layers are shown based on the nominal ionic charges in the bulk PdCoO2. The actual charge state at the interface can be modified by electronic reconstruction with screening charges.